Painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting by
monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan, 230 kilometres (140 mi) northwest of Kabul at an elevation of 2,500 metres (8,200 ft).
Built in 507 CE (smaller) and 554 CE (larger), The main bodies were hewn directly from the sandstone cliffs, but details were modeled in mud mixed with straw, coated with stucco.
It was a Buddhist religious site from the 2nd century up to the time of the Islamic invasion in the later half of the 7th century.
Until it was completely conquered by the Muslim Saffarids in the 9th century, Bamiyan shared the culture of Gandhara.
The lower parts of the statues' arms were constructed from the same mud-straw mix while supported on wooden armatures.
Historic documentation refers to celebrations held every year attracting numerous pilgrims and that offers were made to the monumental statues (
They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley. and described Bamiyan in the Da Tang Xiyu Ji as a flourishing Buddhist center "with more than ten monasteries and more than a thousand monks".
It is believed that the upper parts of their faces were made from great wooden masks or casts.
Rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs that stabilized the outer stucco.